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Meatless Motivation

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Ever wonder why vegetarians prefer not to eat meat or how many people call
themselves vegetarians? Three percent of the US adult population prefer a meatless lifestyle, which translates to roughly 7 million people! These individuals have chosen to “go meatless” for a variety of reasons, including but not limited to, their culture, food availability, the region where they live, their age, health concerns, and dietary preference. Given the magnitude of this number, many restaurants, schools, and parents are exploring the available veggie options and considering adding them to their existing repertoire of food choices. However, it can be a challenge to know what constitutes a healthy entree, even in the most simple of swaps- like that of a veggie burger for a hamburger. Health experts recommend that Americans “go meatless” a few times a week to improve overall health. For example, veggie burgers served up with lettuce, tomato, avocado and a side of sweet potato fries are a delicious and nutritious alternative to the typical beef burger and steak fries. Need convincing?

Nutritional Breakdown of an Average Beef Burger:

  • 50% (or more) of its calories are from fat
    • On average, 10g of total fat and 3.5 grams saturated fat/serving
  • Contains no dietary fiber
  • On average, 60-90 mg of cholesterol/serving, depending on the size of the patty and the type of meat used
  • Excellent source of protein
    • On average, there is twice as much protein in a meat patty as there is in a veggie burger
  • An unseasoned patty typically contains 20% of the sodium content of their veggie counterparts

Nutritional Breakdown of an Average Veggie Patty:

  • Lower in calories and fat than a traditional meat patty
    • Less than 20% of calories from fat
    • On average, 3 grams total fat and 0.5 grams saturated fat/serving
  • Good source of dietary fiber with 3-4 grams/serving
  • Little or no cholesterol per veggie burger
  • Moderate source of sodium (15% Daily Value)
    • On average, 250-500 mg/serving
  • Though they contain less than their meaty alter egos, veggie burgers are still an excellent source of protein (22% Daily Value)
    • On average, 5-15 grams of protein/serving
      • Veggie burgers made mostly of soy protein and wheat gluten have >10 grams/protein
      • Veggie burgers made mostly of vegetables and whole grains have <10 grams/protein

Other Considerations

  • The vegetarian equivalent of the traditional burger rarely causes the types of foodborne illness that can be found in meat burgers, such as Salmonella and E. coli.
  • People with food allergies need to be diligent label readers when purchasing veggie burgers. Most varieties include one or a combination of the following ingredients that have been known to trigger an allergic reaction: soy, wheat, eggs, dairy, or nuts. There are also vegan options available which may minimize this risk.
  • Preparation styles of the veggie patties may also differ, as most packages include directions on how to prepare and serve the product for maximum flavor and enjoyment.
  • Make your own veggie burger! Combine black beans, brown rice, lettuce, tomato, herbs, barbeque sauce and red beets. Add a little cayenne pepper and serve on a toasted whole wheat bun!

 



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About the Author

Alexandria is a Registered and Licensed Dietitian (RDN, LDN) employed by Lancaster General Health. She has been featured in the Lebanon Daily News, York Daily Record, Smart Magazine and blog, Fox 43, and on ABC 27. She has served as a panelist for the Giant Healthy Kids Summit and was featured as a guest on the television show "Medically Speaking". Her specialties include nutrition education, creation of health & wellness communications for print, development of nutrition focused programming, corporate wellness, weight management, sports nutrition, and type 2 diabetes.


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